Journal of the Balkan Cities Association of Nephrology, Dialysis,

Transplantation and Artificial Organs




Aims and scope
Current issue
Instructions for authors





ALL ARTICLES MUST BE SUBMITTED ONLINE. Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the Instructions below, please send it as an attachment to the editor Goce Spasovski





BANTAO Journal is the official publication of the Balkan Cities Association of Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation and Artificial Organs. The journal publishes articles relating to clinical or laboratory investigations of relevance to nephrology, dialysis or transplantation. Papers relating to basic immunology, anatomy and physiology are welcomed if these relate to the kidney.  Rapid communications, case reports, technical reports and letters to the Editor are also considered.


Letters to the Editor do not necessarily express the views of the Editor, and may or may not be peer-reviewed. All material is assumed to be submitted exclusively unless otherwise stated, and must not have been published previously except in abstract form. Manuscripts related to the topic of the submitted manuscript which are in preparation or submitted to other journals, must be sent in together with the manuscript destined for BANTAO Journal. Only papers in UK/USA English will be considered for publication. The text should be typed double spaced on A4 sized paper. If any tables, illustrations or photomicrographs have been published elsewhere, written consent to republication (in print and online) must be obtained by the author from the copyright holder and the authors, such permission being detailed in the cover letter. Manuscripts should bear the full name and address, with telephone, fax, and email of the author to whom the proofs and correspondence should be sent (corresponding author). For all authors first name and surname should be written in full. In the covering letter the individual contribution of each co-author must be detailed. This letter must contain the statement: 'the results presented in this paper have not been published previously in whole or part, except in abstract form'. Should your manuscript be accepted for publication, you will be required to give signed consent for publication. To accelerate publication only one set of PDF proofs is sent to the corresponding author by email. This shows the layout of the paper as it will appear in the Journal. It is, therefore, essential that manuscripts are submitted in their final form, ready for the printer. Proof-reading must be limited to the correction of typographical errors. Proofs must be returned by the author within 48 hours of receipt. Authors are referred to the statement on uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals prepared by an international committee of medical journal editors. (Br Med J 1982; 284: 1766-1770, Ann Intern Med 1982; 96: 766-771.)



BANTAO Journal has adopted an open access policy to let everyone read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles provided that any form of reproduction or distribution refers to the original publication in print and electronic form. By submitting their work for publication authors agree that this policy shall apply to their published work as well.



All manuscripts must conform to the Uniform Requirements of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which can be found on These requirements include: disclosure of conflicts of interest, protections of patients' right to privacy, and conducting human and animal experiments in accordance with ethical standards. All authors must disclose any potential conflict of interest which may affect their scientific judgment. Such conflicts of interest may be financial involvement, but may also be of different nature such as scientific competition, personal relationships or other. When disclosing conflicts of interest, sources of funding of the presented work must be declared. The corresponding author must include a Conflict of Interest Statement on behalf of all the authors at the end of the article. If no Conflict of Interest is declared this must be stated also. When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000. When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed.



Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. This participation must include:

1. Conception or design, or analysis and interpretation of data, or both. 2. Drafting the article or revising it. 3. Providing intellectual content of critical importance to the work described. 4. Final approval of the version to be published. (See Br Med J 1985; 291: 722-723.)



The order of original articles should be as follows: Title page giving details of all authors, including first or given name (see above). On a separate page an abstract of ~250 words. It should consist of four paragraphs labeled, `Background', `Methods', `Results' and `Conclusions'. They should briefly describe, respectively, the problems being addressed in this study, how the study was performed, the salient results and what the authors conclude from the results. Keywords not more than 6, in alphabetical order, characterizing the scope of the paper, the principal materials, and main subject of work. Authors are requested to supply an additional 10-15 keywords for electronic publication purposes. Running title of not more than 75 letters and spaces. On a new page: Introduction, Subjects and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References (see below), Tables, Legends to Figures and Figures. All pages should be numbered consecutively commencing with the title page. Headings (Introduction; Subjects and Methods, etc) should be placed on separate lines. It is most important that authors number their pages prior to submission as reviewers will refer to particular pages when providing their comments on the manuscript. Please ensure that your abstract and title page are included in the main body of your manuscript, as well as submitting it separately. Any statistical method must be detailed in the Subjects and methods section, and any not in common use should be described fully or supported by references. Authors should not use abbreviations in headings. Authors are advised to refrain from excessive use of uncommon abbreviations, particularly to describe groups of patients or experimental animals. Up to 6 printed pages for an Original Article, 3 pages for a Case Report, Technical Report or Brief Report, and 2 page for a Letter were allowed. A printed page is ~850 words, but pro rata reductions in the length of the text must be made for Tables, Figures and illustrations. Images in Nephrology aims to publish 1 or 2 high quality pictures of great clinical interest accompanying by a minimal amount of text and 2-3 references, not exceeding 2 printed pages.



Tables must be typed on separate pages and should follow the reference list. All Tables must be numbered consecutively and each must have a brief heading describing its contents. Any footnotes to Tables should be indicated by superscript characters. Tables must be referred to in the main text in order. All Tables must be simple and not duplicate information given in the text.



Please be aware that the requirements for online submission and for reproduction in the journal are different: (i) for online submission and peer review, please upload your Figures either embedded in the word processing file or separately as low-resolution images (.jpg, .tif, .gif or. eps); (ii) for reproduction in the journal, you will be required after acceptance to supply high-resolution .tif files (1200 d.p.i. for line drawings and 300 d.p.i. for colour and halftone artwork) or high-quality printouts on glossy paper. We advise that you create your high-resolution images first as these can be easily converted into low-resolution images for online submission. The journal reserves the right to reduce the size of illustrative material. All micrographs must carry a magnification bar. Any photomicrographs, electron micrographs or radiographs must be of high quality. Wherever possible photographs should fit within the print area of 169 x 235 mm (full page) or within the column width of 82 mm. Photomicrographs should provide details of staining technique and a scale bar. Patients shown in photographs should have their identity concealed or should have given their written consent to publication. Normally no more than six illustrations will be accepted without charge.



Non-proprietary (generic) names of products should be used. If a brand name for a drug is used, the British or International non-proprietary (approved) name should be given. The source of any new or experimental preparation should also be given.



The references should be numbered in the order in which they appear in the text. At the end of the article the full list of references should give the name and initials of all authors unless there are more than six, when only the first three should be given followed by et al. The authors' names should be followed by the title of the article, the title of the Journal abbreviated according to the style of Index Medicus, the year of publication, the volume number and the first and last page numbers. References to books should give the title of the book, which should be followed by the place of publication, the publisher, the year and the relevant pages.



1. Madaio MP. Renal biopsy. Kidney Int 1990; 38: 529-543


2. Roberts NK. The cardiac conducting system and the His bundle electrogram. Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, NY: 1981; 49-56


3. Rycroft RJG, Calnan CD. Facial rashes among visual display unit (VDU) operators. In: Pearce BG, ed. Health hazards of VDUs. Wiley, London, UK: 1984; 13-15

Note: It is the responsibility of the author to ensure the accuracy of the references in the submitted article. Downloading references direct from Medline is highly recommended.



It is a condition of publication in the Journal that authors grant an exclusive license to the Journal.



Color illustrations are accepted, but the authors will be required to contribute to the cost of the reproduction. Color Figures will incur a printing charge of 50 euros. Illustrations for which color is not essential can be reproduced as black and white images in the print journal and will remain in color in the available PDF file on the web site of the journal.